Gradient backgrounds are a visually striking way to display a pleasing transition of colors.
Here’s an example of the gradient background on each of my website’s pages, with shades of aqua and purple.
Here’s how I did it:
First of all, you need to know that CSS defines two kinds of gradients:
- Linear Gradients (down/up/left/right/diagonally)
- Radial Gradients (defined by their center)
I’m only focusing on linear gradients in this post.
Before you create the linear gradient, you need to decide two things:
- What colors you will use. Those are your “color stops.”
- The starting point and direction of your gradient. (Do you want the colors to go left-right? Up-down? Angled from corner to corner?)
TYPES OF GRADIENTS
Top to Bottom (the default)
Create a div. Inside this div, your selector will be “background” and its’ property will be “linear-gradient”. The value of “linear-gradient” will be the color stops.
I use hex values for my color stops to have more control over the exact shades. Here’s a resource for finding hex codes:
Here’s the default syntax:
background: linear-gradient(blue, green);
It’s actually pretty straightforward, huh?
Now we can try some other kinds of transitions:
Left-right, transitioning from blue to green:
background: linear-gradient(to right, blue , green);
You can make the gradient display diagonally by indicating the horizontal and vertical starting positions:
background: linear-gradient(to bottom right, blue, green);
Angled: (to top, to bottom, to left, to right, to bottom right, etc.)
The angle is specified by degrees between the horizontal line and the gradient line:
background: linear-gradient(-90deg, blue, green);
Top-bottom, transitioning from blue to green to orange:
background: linear-gradient(blue, green, orange);
My own gradient background goes left to right, and I specified that I wanted the first color to take up the first 50% of the gradient space.
Here’s my code:
background: linear-gradient(to right, #57BBBF 50% , #5798bf, #577dbf, #5759bf, #6f57bf, #9457bf, #da5cdb);
You can add transparency, by using the “rgba() function” to define the color stops. To define the amount of opacity or transparency, the last value in the function is either a 0 or 1. (0 indicates full transparency, 1 indicates no transparency (fully opaque).
This next gradient starts from the left as fully transparent, then transitions to full opaque (non-transparent) blue:
background: linear-gradient(to right, rgba(255,0,0,0), rgba(255,0,0,1));
I hope you try some of these yourself and get creative, and have fun with them. There’s no limit to what you can do with gradients.
Questions? Contact me:
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About the author
I developed Image and Aspect because I believe that professionals need to have an impactful web presence. One that showcases their unique talents, skills, and abilities as well as their values and style. A presence that focuses on social engagement and connection.
I’m passionate about what I do; I like helping fellow humans, I like having all kinds of social connection with others, and I want to give back, to make the world a better place.
I do much of the designing and coding myself, and I also have a wonderful network of professionals that may contribute as well; photographers, copywriters, branding experts.
I love designing and coding beautiful, elegant and responsive web creations. I ALSO teach and help others who want to learn how to do it themselves.
‘Tips and Snips’ is my blog, and it’s full of information and inspiration to help transform any online persona from “meh” to AMAZING! Sign-up HERE to get blog posts right to your in-box every Friday! I write about Design, Marketing, Search Engine Optimization, Branding, Vlogging, Color Theory, HTML5, CSS3, Bootstrap, WordPress, Social Media…anything you’d want to know to get yourself noticed online.
Diane M. Metcalf, M.S.